Although Bangladesh emerged as an independent state relatively recently in 1971 through a blood-spattered liberation war, the country forms part of the ancient and historic region of Bengal in the Eastern part of the Subcontinent. The civilization of the country dates back over four millennia, to the Copper Age.
The culture and tradition of Bangladesh are drawn from people’s faith, ethnic root, thoughts and aspirations and creativity, and the passion for life and nature. Unique geographic location, abundance in resources and natural beauty of the country have throughout the history attracted traders, travellers, religion preachers from outside to visit and settle in this land. Such continued interactions with people of diverse race, civilization and cultural background have helped Bangladesh further enrich its culture and civilization, still maintaining the distinctive indigenous elements. Similarly, the settlers have nurtured their own culture and civilization in this land by generations. As a result, Bangladesh today enjoys a diversified colourful cultural heritage. https://beautifulbangladesh.gov.bd/loc/dhaka
National Martyrs' Memorial (Jatiya Smriti Saudha) is the national monument of Bangladesh, set up in the memory of those who died in the Bangladesh Liberation War of 1971, which brought independence and separated Bangladesh from Pakistan. The monument is located in Savar, about 35 km north-west of the capital, Dhaka.
The architecture is composed of seven pairs of triangular-shaped walls or prisms; the outermost pair being the shortest in height but widest in span, the inner pairs gradually change their aspect ratio and the innermost pair thus forms the peak point of the architecture. Each of these seven pairs of walls represents a significant chapter in the history of Bangladesh, namely the Language Movement in 1952, the provincial election victory of the United Front in 1954, the Constitution Movement in 1956, the movement against Education Commission in 1962, 6-point Movement in 1966, the Mass Uprising in 1969, and finally the climactic event of Liberation War in 1971, through which Bangladesh was liberated.
The Shaheed Minar is a national monument in Dhaka, Bangladesh, established to commemorate those killed during the Bengali Language Movement demonstrations of 1952 in then East Pakistan.
On 21 and 22 February 1952, students from Dhaka University and Dhaka Medical College and political activists were killed when the Pakistani police force opened fire on Bengali protesters who were demanding official status for their native tongue, Bengali. The massacre occurred near Dhaka Medical College and Ramna Park in Dhaka. A makeshift monument was erected on 23 February by students of Dhaka medical college and other educational institutions but soon demolished on 24 February by the Pakistani police force.
The Language Movement gained momentum, and after a long struggle, Bengali gained official status in Pakistan (with Urdu) in 1956. To commemorate the dead, the Shaheed Minar was designed and built by Bangladeshi sculptors Hamidur Rahman in collaboration with Novera Ahmed. Construction was delayed by martial law, but the monument was finally completed in 1963 and stood until the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971 when it was demolished completely during Operation Searchlight. After Bangladesh gained independence later that year, it was rebuilt. It was expanded in 1983.
National, mourning, cultural and other activities are held each year on 21 February (Ekushey February) to mark Language Movement Day or Shaheed Dibas (Martyrs' Day), centered on the Shaheed Minar. Since 2000, 21 February is also recognized as International Mother Language Day.
Bangladesh National Museum was originally established on 20 March 1913, albeit under another name (the Dhaka Museum), and formally inaugurated on 7 August 1913 by Thomas Gibson-Carmichael, first Baron Carmichael, the governor of Bengal. In July 1915 it was handed over to the Naib-Nazim of Dhaka. Bangladesh National Museum was formed through the incorporation of Dhaka museum and it was made the national museum of Bangladesh on 17 November 1983. It is located at Shahbag, Dhaka. The Bangladesh National Museum is the national museum of Bangladesh. The museum is well organized and displays have been housed chronologically in several departments like department of ethnography and decorative art, department of history and classical art, department of natural history, and department of contemporary and world civilization. The museum also has a rich conservation laboratory.
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Novo Theatre is a planetarium on Bijoy Sharani Avenue of Tejgaon area in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Novo Theatre has been established by the Ministry of Science & Technology containing 22,096 square metres of land at Bijoy Sharani, Tejgaon in the centre of Dhaka City. Total expenditure of the project was Taka 1,231.27 million which has been provided entirely from the GOB's own fund. A large number of advanced technological instruments have been procured from Japan, America, Korea, France, Italy and India for the planetarium. Not only the Planetarium Show a very exciting Ride Simulator, 5D Movie theatre, 5D Interactive Edutainment Simulaor, model of Planets of Solar System, Scientific & Digital Exhibits and some portraits of world-renowned Scientists and Scholars are also available at the site of Novo Theatre. Moreover a 150 seated well-furnished auditorium, 50 seated conference room, hydraulic lifts, ramp and a car parking area having the capacity of 100 vehicles are belonging to the Novotheatre.
The Constitution of the People's Republic of Bangladesh gives the legislature the name Jatiyo Shangsad in Bengali and House of the Nation in English. It is commonly known as Parliament.
The National Parliament House, also known as Jatiya Sangsad Bhaban, is where the Bangladeshi Parliament is located in Sher-e-Bangla Nagar in Dhaka, the country's capital. The complex, which spans 200 acres, was created by architect Louis Kahn when the nation was still a part of Pakistan. It is one of the largest legislative complexes in the world. The structure was prominently displayed in the 2003 movie My Architect, which focused on the life and legacy of the building's architect, Louis Kahn. The National Parliament of Bangladesh was cited as one of the most important structures of the twentieth century by Robert McCarter, the author of Louis I. Kahn
Parliament of Bangladesh is a unicameral legislature consisting of 350 members of which 300 Members from 300 territorial constituencies that is one from each constituency, on the basis of adult Franchise. The remaining 50 seats are reserved for women who are elected by the aforesaid elected Members in accordance with law on the basis of procedure of proportional representation in the Parliament through Single Transferable Vote. This provision for 50 reserved women seats continue for ten years from the beginning of the 9th Parliament. According to 17th Amendment, the tenure of 50 reserved women seats will increase to another 25 Years from the beginning of the 10th Parliament.
The glorious liberation war of Bangladesh in 1971, led by Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, revealed the final exposure of the valiant military resistance and sacrifice of millions. As a notable part of the military heritage of Bangladesh, an “Army Museum” was established at the entrance of Mirpur Cantonment in Dhaka in March 1987, and subsequently on 26 November 1987, the museum was inaugurated. In between September 1997 to March 1998, the ‘Army Museum’ was shifted to its present location Bijoy Sarani and renamed as Bangladesh Military Museum by the patronization of former Chief of Army Staff Lieutenant General Mohammad Mostafizur Rahman, Bir Bikram, NDC, psc. The museum was for the time being housed in a two-storied building. On 11 January 2020, the Armed Forces Division formed a Board of Officers’ to renovate and modernize the museum with the Chief of General Staff as its chairman and members from three services. This B of O proposed for a world-class museum and rename it as Bangabandhu Military Museum.
The Capital city Dhaka predominantly was a city of the Mughals. In hundred years of their vigorous rule successive Governors and princely Viceroys who ruled the province, adorned it with many noble monuments in the shape of magnificent palaces, mosques, tombs, fortifications and Katras often surrounded with beautifully laid out gardens and pavillions. Among these, a few have survived the ravages of time, aggressive tropical climate of the land and vandal hands of man.
But the finest specimen of this period is the Aurangabad Fort, commonly known as Lalbagh Fort, which indeed represents the unfulfilled dream of a Mughal Prince. It occupies the south-western part of the old city, overlooking the Buriganga on whose northern bank it stands as a silent sentinel of the old city. Rectangular in plan, it encloses an area of 1082' by 800' and in addition to corners and a subsidiary small unpretentious gateway on north, it also contains within its fortified. Perimeter a number of splendid monuments, surrounded by attractive garden. These are a small 3-domed mosque, the mausoleum of Bibi Pari, the reputed daughter of Nawab Shaista Khan and the Hammam and Audience Hall of the Governor. The main purpose of this fort was to provide a defensive enclosure of the palatial edifices of the interior and as such was a type of palace-fortress rather than a seize-fort.
Ahsan Manzil situated at Kumartoli of Dhaka on the bank of the Buriganga, was the residential palace and the kachari of the Nawabs of Dhaka. It has been turned into a museum recently. It was said to be the Rang Mahal of Sheikh Enayetullah, a zamindar of Jamalpur Pargana (Barisal) during the time of the Mughals. Having purchased it from his son Matiullah, the French made it their trading centre. Khwaja Alimullah bought it from the French in 1830 and converted it into his residence, effecting necessary reconstruction and renovations. Nawab Khwaja Abdul Ghani engaged Martin and Company, a European construction and engineering firm, to make a master plan for their residence.
The construction of the palace was begun in 1859 and completed in 1872. Abdul Ghani named it Ahsan Manzil after his son Khwaja Ahsanullah. At that time the newly built palace was known as Rang Mahal and the earlier one was called Andar Mahal.
Ahsan Manzil is one of the significant architectural monuments of the country. Established on a raised platform of 1 metre, the two-storied palace measures 125.4m by 28.75m. The height of the ground floor is 5 metres and that of the first floor 5.8 metres. There are porticos of the height of the ground floor, both on the northern and southern sides of the palace. An open spacious stairway has come down from the southern portico, extending up to the bank of the river through the front garden. There was once a fountain in the garden in front of the stairs, though it does not exist today. The spacious north and south verandas of both the floors rest on semicircular arches. The floor is covered with marble.
Recognizing the historical and architectural importance of the Ahsan Manzil, the Government of Bangladesh renovate it completely in 1992 under the supervision of the Directorate of Public Works and Architecture, it was brought under the control of Bangladesh National Museum 20 September in the same year, and it was turned into a Museum.
Dhaka is the capital and largest city of Bangladesh. People are friendly and it's a nice place to live. As it is the cultural and economic hub of the country, a number of hotels are available for guests. Hotels are safe environments for travelers as long as they properly implement sanitary measures in response to coronavirus (COVID-19). Hotels are maintaining clean and pleasant environment for guests and their associates all time.
Sheraton Dhaka is a premium hotel in 44 Kemal Ataturk Avenue, Banani providing all the opportunities you need to get ahead in the capital of Bangladesh. It’s a short drives from Jamuna Future Park, Dhaka Zoo and other fun attractions. After a full day of exploring the city, guests can take a relaxing dip in rooftop swimming pool. Sheraton Dhaka also offers a world-class fitness center with modern exercise equipment. Recharge at The Sheraton Club Lounge, where you find a private and comfortable environment to unwind while enjoying the elite privileges of lounge check-in, daily breakfasts and round-the-clock canapés. Simplify your stay by choosing one of our 248 tasteful hotel rooms and suites. Streamlined and refined, these hotel rooms come with signature Sheraton elements such as Sheraton Sleep Experience beds. Sheraton Dhaka reaches and then exceeds your expectations in Banani. For more information check this link 5 Star Hotel in Banani | Sheraton Dhaka | Marriott Bonvoy
The Westin Dhaka located in Gulshan 2, Dhaka's dynamic business and diplomatic zone. The Westin will recharge in your spacious luxury hotel room or suite where you'll find pampering touches, high-speed Wi-Fi, a mini-refrigerator, room service available 24 hours a day, a supremely comfortable Westin Heavenly Bed and skyline views. When it's time to dine, their five restaurants and bars offer an array of tempting international choices from fine Italian to a Pan Asian buffet. Make time to relax in their outdoor heated pool, work out in gym for more informant check this or rejuvenate at spa. Check this link for hotel information Premium wellness hotel in Gulshan 2 | The Westin Dhaka | Marriott Bonvoy
The InterContinental Dhaka is a prominent luxury hotel in Ramna in central Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh. It opened in 1966 and is owned by the Bangladeshi government. The hotel is beautifully designed boasted with Millennium modern outlook with a touch of local culture. Featuring 226 luxury rooms and suites, a selection of restaurants offering exquisite cuisines. Host your events at the meeting spaces equipped with modern facilities. Their outdoor temperature-controlled swimming pool and Health Club is a perfect destination for business or leisure. For more information check this link InterContinental Dhaka - Dhaka (ihg.com)
Pan Pacific Sonargaon is one of the oldest 5 star hotel in Bangladesh and is owned by the Government of Bangladesh and operated by Pan Pacific Hotels and Resorts. Steeped in rich history yet poised for success, the hotel is close to historic sites and exciting shopping. Experience a modern oasis in a bustling city at Pan Pacific Sonargaon Dhaka. Their luxurious retreat offers a calming respite from the hustle and bustle of downtown Dhaka, where contemporary comforts will refresh your senses. Take in the local culture where fascinating sights and sounds abound within close proximity to the Pan Pacific Sonargaon Dhaka hotel. For more information check this link Hotel in Dhaka | Pan Pacific Sonargaon Dhaka Official Site
Conveniently located in the most dynamic and inspiring neighborhood of Gulshan, Renaissance Dhaka Gulshan Hotel is ideal for business and leisure travelers alike. Enjoy easy access to the Hazrat Shahjalal International Airport, just 20 minutes away, and experience the distinctive local character that dictates the atmosphere and experiences for guests. Discover sophisticated elements and uber design throughout the 211 stylish rooms and suites. The infinity rooftop temperature-controlled pool with a stunning city vista view will take your breath away. For more information check this link Dhaka Hotels | Renaissance Dhaka Gulshan Hotel (marriott.com)